First Aid Merit Badge
Bleeding Bandaging Splinting
Click here for a printable version of this page.
NOTE: Bandaging is difficult or impossible to learn from printed materials. Practice is essential.
First Class 8B: Demonstrate bandages for injuries on the head and the upper arm
A bandage is a wrapping that will hold a dressing in place. A bandage is never applied directly to a wound or used to stop blood flow -- those tasks are done using dressings before the bandages are applied.

When applying bandages, keep the following things in mind:

Bandaging Head Injuries
First Aid merit badge book, page 62-63
Bandaging head injuries can be tricky. Often, head bandages will cover most of the head, just to remain in place.

To bandage a head wound, wrap gauze in a single band all the way around the victim's head. If the injury is on the back of the head, pass the band around the forehead or under the chin as appropriate. Leave the victim's eyes, nose and mouth uncovered unless they are injured.

If necessary, apply a cloth bandage over the gauze to maintain pressure on the wound or provide additional protection from contamination.

Bandaging Arm Injuries
First Aid merit badge book, pages 63-64
Bandaging an arm injury is much easier than a head injury. With the dressing in place, wrap gauze snugly and tie a knot away from the wound. Use enough gauze to protect the wound from contamination.

Check to ensure circulation has not been blocked by squeezing the victim's fingernails and watching how fast the color returns. Compare the refill speed with fingers on the other hand. If the speed is noticably slower, the bandage is too tight.

©2005 Sam Clippinger / samc (at) troop50 (dot) org
Last updated: 12/9/2005