|Spinal Injuries||Insect and Animal Bites||Heat Injuries|
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Tenderfoot 12B: Show first aid for bites or stings of insects and ticks; poisonous snakebite
Second Class 6C: Show first aid for bite of a suspected rabid animal
First, if the victim is stung in the back of the mouth or the throat, the sensitive tissues there can swell more than a sting would swell on the skin. The swelling can partially block or completely block the victim's airway, causing them to begin suffocating.
Second, if the victim is allergic to bee stings, a whole-body reaction can occur -- a condition known as Anaphylaxis (or Anaphylactic Shock). Symptoms of anaphylactic shock include:
Third, bee stings can be life-threatening if the victim receives a large number of stings. In essence, this causes the victim's body to react as though he were severely allergic to bee stings and results in anaphylaxis.
Preventing bee stings can be difficult.
|Bee or wasp sting (when the victim is not allergic)||
||Stay away from bees and wasps. Do not swat or kill bees.|
Grab the tick with your fingers and gently pull it backwards until it comes out. Do not use tweezers. Do not twist or burn the tick. Do not use
ice, alcohol, oil, wax or any other substance to remove the tick. Just pull it out.
Watch the bite area for any additional symptoms over the following week. If any rashes appear or if the bite does not heal, seek medical assistance. This could be an indication that the tick was carrying a disease (e.g. Lyme Disease, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever).
|Wear insect repellent while in wooded or grassy areas; be sure to apply repellent to legs and ankles. Wear long pants tucked into boots when possible.|
||Most of the United States is snake country, though some areas are more heavily inhabited than others. Take care when hiking, especially on cool days in the fall or spring when snakes are likely to be out sunning themselves. Take care not to step right next to logs or rocks where snakes may be hiding. When walking, always step on top of a log so the next step is far away from its side (as opposed to stepping over it so your heel is next to the log). Be alert and aware of your surroundings. Before biting, snakes (even non-rattlesnakes) often make hissing or rattling noises (by vibrating their tails against dry leaves or grass) to frighten away predators.|
Rabid animals are often aggressive or disoriented. They are always dangerous and should not be approached.
When treating a victim of an animal bite, first treat the wound as a normal puncture wound (clean with soap and water, dress and bandage). Try to identify the animal so animal control or wildlife officers can capture it later. Do not attempt to capture or kill the animal yourself.
Seek medical attention. Only laboratory testing can confirm if the animal has rabies. If the animal cannot be captured and tested, the victim will
need to get rabies treatments anyway, just to be sure.